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Old 09-10-2012, 08:24 PM   #17 (permalink)
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Hubert Boitelet

Hubert Boitelet born December 7, 1911 at Panderma, Turkey. Following in the footsteps of his father, an observer during the Great War, he entered the school Caudron Ambérieu-en-Bugey in 1931 and obtained his license in July 1931.

Involved in the Air Force in November 1931, it goes through Istres before being assigned to the GC I / 5 and the GC II / 7 , Dijon, with the rank of sergeant. After successfully entered the military school in September 1937, he graduated a year later with stripes Lieutenant and assignment as chief of patrol GC I / 5 , in Reims.

When World War II éclaote, Hubert Boitelet is Suippes, in the Second Squadron, equipped with Curtiss H-75. During the fall, he was promoted to Lieutenant. Pilot experience, especially in flight at low altitude, fighting the campaign of France are paradoxically often lead to high lead patrols, those charged with protecting reconnaissance aircraft during escort missions into German territory . During his first encounter with the enemy, September 30, 1939, Hubert Boitelet lack of winning his first success at the same time becoming one of the first victims of his unit. Responsible for portéger a Potez 637 GAR II/22 along with 8 other drivers (6 of GC I / 5 and 3 GC II / 5 ), the French aircraft are surprised by a group of Me 109. If the fight ended with two wins (WO Pierre Genty) for the French, they are not sufficient to compensate for the loss of Sergeant Lepreux and Lieutenant Le Restif, both killed. For its part, Boitelet Hubert , when he was about to shoot a German fighter passed him by is pick another Me 109 that pierces his Curtiss 45 impacts but lucky driver manages to regain its base after being confronted with the harsh realities of the air war.

Sir Michael Wilford

The term of Sir Michael Wilford, who has died aged 84, as British ambassador to Japan, from 1975 to 1980, was marked by progress in the development of industrial relations and partnership between the two countries. A man of outstanding physical and mental agility, he admired the Japanese capacity for innovation, and did not care for the idea of post-industrial Britain. He fostered bilateral cooperation and inspired a keen embassy team.

The fondness for golf of Japanese industrialists and politicians was an advantage: few ambassadors in Tokyo were summoned, as Wilford was from time to time, for a round with prime minister Masayoshi Ohira. His ability to get the best out of any situation - and to find enjoyment in doing so - endeared him to his staff, who respected his professional standards and conviction that life should be tackled with style and verve.

Born in Wellington, New Zealand, where his family were long established, Wilford was taken to Shanghai, where his father was with BP, and then to a grandmother in Dublin, where his love of golf and cricket was fostered, together with his education at Castle Park. From there he went to Wrekin College, gaining distinction both in the classroom and on the playing field. He retained a lifelong interest in the school's success.

At Pembroke College, Cambridge, he began reading mechanical sciences, until called up in 1940. He played for the university both at golf and cricket, and for a wartime army XI enriched by a number of England players. He joined the Royal Engineers, becoming a captain in the assault squadron that led the Guards Armoured Division on to Gold beach in Normandy on D-day. Much had been achieved before Wilford was evacuated for hospital treatment after being wounded by a mortar bomb. He recovered in time to take part in the landings on the Dutch island of Walcheren in November 1944, where he was again wounded, this time more seriously, and mentioned in dispatches.

Michael rarely spoke of his wartime experiences, though he recalled his irritation when, lying disabled on a stretcher, he could not prevent someone from pinching his favourite boots, which had been attached by their laces to the stretcher pole. A most unusual wartime achievement was his liberation in person of some Wilfords living in Belgium. At the end of the war, he was an instructor at the School of Military Engineering, while returning to Cambridge to complete his degree. Regarded as unfit for further military service, he joined the (then) Foreign Service in 1947.

His first posting was to the allied control commission in Berlin in 1947. Two years later, he was brought back to London for the first of an intermittent series of jobs in the private offices of five foreign secretaries. This was for Ernest Bevin, with whom he went on tour - and for whom his respect was lasting.

Wilford served in Paris under ambassadors Sir Oliver Harvey and Sir Gladwyn Jebb from 1952 to 1955, during which time he and his family acquired a love of France, which they explored enthusiastically at every opportunity. In Singapore (1955-59), where the Malayan emergency and the establishment of the South-East Asia Treaty Organisation (Seato) were principal preoccupations for Commissioner-General Sir Rob Scott and his staff, Michael began to develop his interest in the wider subject of east Asian politics and economics.

After a spell in foreign secretary Selwyn Lloyd's office (1959-60), he became private secretary to Edward Heath, then Lord Privy Seal, to support his work for entry to the EEC. As private secretary (as with his family when en poste) he always sought opportunities to travel, if possible adventurously; and he had been exceedingly lucky in 1961 during the difficulties in the Congo, when he and Lord Lansdowne had to withdraw from UN secretary general Dag Hammarskjold's plane just before its fatal flight, to draft an urgent telegram to London.

His time with Heath was followed in 1962 by a posting to Rabat. In 1964, he became counsellor in Peking at the height of the Sino-Soviet rift and during the dark onset of the cultural revolution.

During a visiting fellowship (1966-67) at All Souls College, Oxford, Wilford's capacity for enjoying life led him to find accommodation close to the Frilford Heath golf club. He returned to the far east briefly in 1967 as acting political adviser to the governor of Hong Kong before being posted to Washington (1967-69) as counsellor with special responsibilities for Asian affairs, at a critical time of the Vietnam war. Then, as assistant (and later deputy) under-secretary at the Foreign Office (1969-75), he supervised and advised ministers on work in half the world, including the far east and south-east Asia.

His pursuit of industrial cooperation with Japan continued after retirement from government service in his work for Lloyds Bank and Barings in the City, and in his many other commitments, including those with the Japan Association, the 2000 Group, the Royal Society for Asian Affairs and the Japan Animal Welfare Society. At the same time, to the Sixteen choir and to the village fete committee at Abbotts Ann, Hampshire, he offered the same wholehearted support always given to his devoted wife and family.

A man of unmistakable integrity, Wilford was also intensely practical and direct in his approach to complex issues, qualities which no doubt accounted for the unusual balance of his diplomatic career, with its emphasis on the quick and accurate management of business for ministers. He claimed that as an engineer he was the only person in the service who knew that water did not flow uphill. He never imposed his views without having listened to the opinions of others. Brisk, even sharp, he was never in the least arrogant. His strong sense of duty was essentially a down-to-earth, and even a humble quality.

Wilford's love of life, of people and places, and his generosity and hospitality, were all shared with his wife and family. They came equal first, with his country, in his profoundly humane spirit of service. His wedding in 1944 with Joan Law, then a WRNS wireless operator, was skilfully arranged in a brief interval during preparations for D-day.

James L. Holloway III

James Lemuel Holloway III (born February 23, 1922) is a retired United States Navy admiral and naval aviator who was highly decorated for his actions during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. After the Vietnam War, he was posted to The Pentagon, where he established the Navy's Nuclear Powered Carrier Program. He served as Chief of Naval Operations from 1974–1978. After retiring from the Navy, Holloway served as President of the Naval Historical Foundation from 1980–1998 and served another ten years as its Chairman until his retirement in 2008. He is presently Chairman Emeritus of the Naval Historical Foundation and author of Aircraft Carriers at War: A Personal Retrospective of Korea, Vietnam, and the Soviet Confrontation published in 2007 by the Naval Institute Press.

Naval career

In that war, he served in destroyers on North Atlantic convoy duty, in North African waters and in the Pacific where he participated in the Saipan, Tinian, and Palaus campaigns and the Battle of Leyte Gulf. He was gunnery officer of the destroyer Bennion which at the Battle of Surigao Strait took part in a night torpedo attack which sank the Japanese battleship Yamashiro, assisted in the destruction of the destroyer Asagumo, attacked the cruiser Mogami with torpedoes, and then the following day shot down two Japanese Zeroes at short range. For this service, he received the Bronze Star and Navy Commendation Medals.

After World War II, he became a naval aviator. He made two carrier tours to Korea, flying Grumman F9F-2 Panther jets on combat missions against the North Korean and Chinese Communists. He assumed command of Fighting Squadron 52 (VF-52) when his commanding officer was shot down. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and three Air Medals during the Korean War, and shared in a Navy Unit Commendation awarded to the aircraft carrier Valley Forge.
Cmdr Holloway, commanding officer, VA-83.

In 1958, as Commanding Officer of Attack Squadron 83 (VA-83), flying Douglas A-4 Skyhawks from the carrier Essex, he covered the Marine landings in Lebanon and flew patrols in support of U.S. operations there until Essex was redeployed through the Suez Canal to join the 7th Fleet in the Formosa Straits. There, he flew missions in defense of Quemoy and Matsu against the threat of a Chinese Communist invasion of those offshore islands.

From 1965-1967, he commanded the carrier Enterprise, the Navy's first, and at that time, only nuclear-powered aircraft carrier for two combat cruises in the Gulf of Tonkin against the North Vietnamese. Enterprise established a record for the number of combat sorties flown, won the Battle Efficiency “E” award for the best carrier in the fleet, and was awarded a Navy Unit Commendation. He twice received the Legion of Merit for his leadership.

Returning to the Pentagon, in 1968 he established the Navy's Nuclear Powered Carrier Program, building the supercarrier Nimitz and paving the way for nine more supercarriers of this class. He was awarded the Navy's Distinguished Service Medal for this achievement.

In 1970, he was Commander of the Carrier Striking Force of the 6th Fleet and deployed to the Eastern Mediterranean to conduct carrier air operations in reaction to the Syrian invasion of Jordan. After the strong U.S. military response brought about the withdrawal of the Syrian forces, his task force covered the evacuation of an Army MASH (Mobile Army Surgical Hospital) unit from Amman, Jordan, by a Marine Expeditionary Group. For his performance of duty he was awarded a second Distinguished Service Medal and shared in a Meritorious Unit Commendation awarded to his flagship, the carrier Independence.

He took command of the 7th Fleet in 1972 during the Vietnam War, and personally led a cruiser-destroyer gunfire strike force during the Battle of Haiphong Harbor. During Operation Linebacker II, he directed the massive carrier strikes against Hanoi which were a part of the intensive joint air effort which led to the Vietnam cease-fire in 1973. Under his command, the 7th Fleet subsequently performed the airborne mine clearing operations in North Vietnam ports in accordance with the terms of the Paris Peace Accords. For duty as Commander, 7th Fleet, he received a third Distinguished Service Medal. He then served as Vice Chief of Naval Operations (VCNO) from 1973-1974.
Adm. James L. Holloway, Jr., (left) with his son, Adm. J.L. Holloway, III, CNO, in 1974.

As Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) from 1974–1978, he was a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), and served as Chairman of the JCS during the evacuation of Cyprus; the rescue of the merchant ship SS Mayaguez and its crew, and punitive strike operations against the Cambodian forces involved in its seizure; the evacuation of U.S. nationals from Lebanon; and the Korean DMZ (demilitarized zone) incident in August 1976, which led to an ultimatum and an armed standoff between the Allied and North Korean armies before the North Koreans backed down.

For this service, he was presented a fourth Navy Distinguished Service Medal and two awards of the Defense Distinguished Service Medal.

Post-Navy career

After retiring from the Navy in 1978, Holloway was a consultant to Paine Webber, Inc. and served until 1988 as President of the Council of American-Flag Ship Operators, a national association of U.S. merchant marine companies.

In 1980, he chaired the Special Operations Review Group which investigated the aborted Iranian hostage rescue attempt. In 1985, he served as Executive Director of Vice President Bush's Task Force on Combating Terrorism, and was a member of the President's Blue Ribbon Commission on Defense Management. In 1986, he was appointed as a Special Envoy of the Vice President to the Middle East. Later, he was a member of the Commission on Merchant Marine and Defense and the Defense Commission on Long Term Integrated Strategy.

In 1985, Holloway was the Technical Advisor to the film Top Gun.

Subsequently, he has been Chairman of the Academic Advisory Board of the US Naval Academy, Chairman of the Association of Naval Aviation, a Director of the Olmsted Foundation, a Trustee of the George C. Marshall Foundation, served on the Board of Visitors and Governors of St. John’s College and served in a Presidential appointment as US Representative to the South Pacific Commission. In 1994, he received the triennial Modern Patriot Award from the General Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, and in 1997 the National Navy League Award for Outstanding Civilian Leadership. In 1998, he was elected to the National Amateur Wrestling Hall of Fame. In 2000, he was selected by the US Naval Academy Alumni Association to receive the Distinguished Graduate Award for service to the Navy and the Naval Academy. He was enshrined in the National Museum of Naval Aviation’s Hall of Honor in 2004.

Holloway has been conspicuous in his personal support for the Navy's official history programs run by the Naval History & Heritage Command. His generous grant made the Online Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships Project possible, thereby opening one of the most important US naval history resources to a world wide audience.

Currently, he is Chairman Emeritus of the Naval Historical Foundation and the Historic Annapolis Foundation, the Board of Trustees of Saint James School, and as an Emeritus member of the Board of the Mariners' Museum.

He is a member of the Society of the Cincinnati, the Brook Club (New York City), Maryland Club (Baltimore, Maryland), New York Yacht Club, Annapolis Yacht Club, and the Metropolitan Club of Washington, D.C., where he served as President in 1992.

Among his more than forty military decorations and medals, he holds two awards of the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, four Navy Distinguished Service Medals, two Legions of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Bronze Star with Combat "V" device, the Navy Commendation Medal with Combat "V" device, three Air Medals, the French Legion of Honor, the German Grand Cross of the Order of Merit, and the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun.

Stephen Bonner

"This reunion is to remember those who are fallen and can't join us," said retired Col. Steve Bonner a member of the Flying Tigers. "It's important to remember the history and the sacrifices that all these members made."

Mr. Bonner was a pilot during World War II and flew the P-40 over China from 1943 to 1944.

The history of the Flying Tigers dates back to 1939 when the American Volunteer Group, commanded by U.S. Army Air Corps Lt. Gen. Claire Lee Chennault, the AVG disbanded and passed on their legacy and continued to fly as the 23rd Fighter Group.

The group was nicknamed the "Flying Tigers" and became famous for the shark teeth painted on the P-40, which were thought to intimidate enemies.

After World War II, the Flying Tigers were inactivated and reactivated several times, flying different fighter aircraft at different locations before being reactivated as the 23rd Wing.

Francis P. Matthews

Francis Patrick Matthews (March 15, 1887–October 18, 1952) served as 49th United States Secretary of the Navy, during the administration of President Harry Truman. Matthews served during most of Truman's second term, from May 25, 1949 to July 31, 1951. He was also the Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus from 1939 to 1945.

Born in Albion, Nebraska, Matthews spent most of his adult life in Omaha. He graduated from Creighton University in Omaha in 1913, then practiced law in that city from that time onward. He was active in business pursuits, civic and religious affairs and Democratic Party politics. From 1933 through 1949, he served as a consultant to the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.

During the Second World War, Mr. Matthews served as a Director and Vice President of the United Service Organizations (USO) and was also involved in war-relief work. He was Director (1941–1951) of the Department of Finance in the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. Following the war, he served briefly (1946–1947) on the President's Committee on Civil Rights.

Truman tapped Matthews in early 1949 to become Secretary of the Navy. Matthews entered the post in May 1949, at a time of internal turmoil in the Department of Defense resulting from significant funding reductions and controversial decisions on defense priorities. He served through the first year of the Korean War; during his two years in office, the federal government was massively increasing defense spending to meet international crises, and all the armed forces were under major strain as they simultaneously tried to meet the demands of a hot war in Asia and an intensive defense build-up in Europe.

One of the key events of Matthews' time at the Navy Department was the so-called "Revolt of the Admirals," an intense controversy between the Navy and the Air Force over which service would be in charge of strategic bombing and the dropping of nuclear weapons. The Navy wanted to build huge flush-deck carriers (known as "supercarriers"), while the Air Force wanted to focus on the Convair B-36 bomber. Top Navy leaders "revolted" when they publicly expressed their dissatisfaction with the Defense Dept.'s policies, and several senior admirals (including ADM Louis E. Denfeld, Chief of Naval Operations) were forced to resign, or did so in protest.

Matthews resigned the Navy post in July 1951 to become Ambassador to Ireland, the home of his ancestors.

He died on October 18, 1952, during a visit to Omaha.

Felton Outland

Felton Outland is a survivor of the USS Indianapolis (CA-35)

Overhauled, Indianapolis joined Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's fast carrier task force on 14 February 1945. Two days later, the task force launched an attack on Tokyo to cover the landings on Iwo Jima, scheduled for 19 February. This was the first carrier attack on Japan since the Doolittle Raid. The mission was to destroy Japanese air facilities and other installations in the "Home Islands". The fleet achieved complete tactical surprise by approaching the Japanese coast under cover of bad weather. The attacks were pressed home for two days. The American Navy lost 49 carrier planes while shooting down or destroying 499 enemy planes, a 10:1 kill/loss ratio. The task force also sank a carrier, nine coastal ships, a destroyer, two destroyer escorts, and a cargo ship. They destroyed hangars, shops, aircraft installations, factories, and other industrial targets.
Indianapolis off Mare Island, on July 10, 1945.

Immediately after the strikes, the task force raced to Bonin to support the landings on Iwo Jima. The ship remained there until 1 March, protecting the invasion ships and bombarding targets in support of the landings. Indianapolis returned to Admiral Mitscher's task force in time to strike Tokyo again on 25 February and Hachijō off the southern coast of Honshū the following day. Although weather was extremely bad, the American force destroyed 158 planes and sank five small ships while pounding ground installations and destroying trains.

The next target for the U.S. forces was Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands, which were in range of aircraft from the Japanese mainland. The fast carrier force was tasked with attacking airfields in southern Japan until they were incapable of launching effective airborne opposition to the impending invasion. The fast carrier force departed for Japan from Ulithi on 14 March. On 18 March, it launched an attack from a position 100 mi (160 km) southeast of the island of Kyūshū. The attack targeted airfields on Kyūshū as well as ships of the Japanese fleet in the harbors of Kobe and Kure on southern Honshū. The Japanese located the American task force on 21 March, sending 48 planes to attack the ships. Twenty-four fighters from the task force intercepted and shot down all the Japanese aircraft.

Pre-invasion bombardment of Okinawa began on 24 March. Indianapolis spent 7 days pouring 8 in (200 mm) shells into the beach defenses. During this time, enemy aircraft repeatedly attacked the American ships. Indianapolis shot down six planes and damaged two others. On 31 March, the ship's lookouts spotted a Japanese fighter as it emerged from the morning twilight and roared at the bridge in a vertical dive. The ship's 20 mm guns opened fire, but within 15 seconds, the plane was over the ship. Tracers converged on it, causing it to swerve, but the enemy pilot managed to release his bomb from a height of 25 ft (7.6 m), crashing his plane into the sea near the port stern. The bomb plummeted through the deck, into the crew's mess hall, down through the berthing compartment, and through the fuel tanks before crashing through the keel and exploding in the water underneath. The concussion blew two gaping holes in the keel which flooded nearby compartments, killing nine crewmen. The ship's bulkheads prevented any progressive flooding. The Indianapolis, settling slightly by the stern and listing to port, steamed to a salvage ship for emergency repairs. Here, inspection revealed that her propeller shafts were damaged, her fuel tanks ruptured, and her water-distilling equipment ruined. But the Indianapolis commenced the long trip across the Pacific to Mare Island under her own power.

After major repairs and an overhaul, Indianapolis received orders to proceed to Tinian island, carrying parts and the enriched uranium (about half of the world's supply of Uranium-235 at the time) for the atomic bomb Little Boy, which would later be dropped on Hiroshima.Indianapolis departed San Francisco on 16 July. Arriving at Pearl Harbor on 19 July, she raced on unaccompanied, reaching Tinian on 26 July. Indianapolis was then sent to Guam where a number of the crew who had completed their tours of duty were replaced by other sailors. Leaving Guam on 28 July, she began sailing toward Leyte where her crew was to receive training before continuing on to Okinawa to join Vice Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf's Task Force 95. At 00:14 on 30 July, she was struck by two Type 95 torpedoes on her starboard bow, from the Japanese submarine I-58 under the command of Mochitsura Hashimoto. The explosions caused massive damage. The Indianapolis took on a heavy list, and settled by the head. Twelve minutes later, she rolled completely over, then her stern rose into the air, and down she plunged. About 300 of the 1,196 men on board died in the sinking. The rest of the crew, 880 men, with few lifeboats and many without lifejackets, floated in the water awaiting rescue.
Indianapolis's intended route from Guam to the Philippines

However, the Navy command had no knowledge of the sinking (the ship's failure to arrive at her destination went unnoticed) until survivors were spotted three and a half days later, at 10:25 on 2 August by pilot Lieutenant Wilbur (Chuck) Gwinn and copilot Lieutenant Warren Colwell on a routine patrol flight. Only 321 sailors came out of the water alive; 317 ultimately survived. They suffered from lack of food and water (some found rations such as Spam and crackers amongst the debris), exposure to the elements (hypothermia, dehydration, hypernatremia, photophobia, starvation and dementia), severe desquamation, and shark attacks, while some killed themselves and/or one another in various states of delirium and hallucinations. The Discovery Channel stated in Shark Week episodes "Ocean of Fear" that the Indianapolis sinking resulted in the most shark attacks on humans in history, and attributes the attacks to the oceanic whitetip shark species. Tiger sharks might have also killed some of the survivors. The same show attributed most of the deaths on Indianapolis to exposure, salt poisoning and thirst, with the dead being dragged off by sharks.

Gwinn immediately dropped a life raft and a radio transmitter. All air and surface units capable of rescue operations were dispatched to the scene at once. A PBY Catalina seaplane under the command of Lieutenant R. Adrian Marks was dispatched to lend assistance and report.[6] En route to the scene, Marks overflew Cecil J. Doyle and alerted her captain, future U.S. Secretary of the Navy W. Graham Claytor, Jr., of the emergency. On his own authority, Claytor decided to divert to the scene.

Arriving hours ahead of Doyle, Marks' crew began dropping rubber rafts and supplies. Having seen men being attacked by sharks, Marks disobeyed standing orders and landed on the open sea. He began taxiing to pick up the stragglers and lone swimmers who were at the greatest risk of shark attack. Learning the men were the crew of Indianapolis, he radioed the news, requesting immediate assistance. Doyle responded while en route. When Marks' plane was full, survivors were tied to the wings with parachute cord, damaging the wings so that the plane would never fly again and had to be sunk. Marks and his crew rescued 56 men that day.

The Doyle was the first vessel on the scene. Homing on Marks's Catalina in total darkness, Doyle halted to avoid killing or further injuring survivors, and began taking Marks' survivors aboard. Disregarding the safety of his own vessel, Captain Claytor pointed his largest searchlight into the night sky to serve as a beacon for other rescue vessels. This beacon was the first indication to most survivors that rescuers had arrived.

The Helm, Madison, and Ralph Talbot were ordered to the rescue scene from Ulithi, along with Dufilho, Bassett, and Ringness from the Philippine Sea Frontier. They searched thoroughly for any survivors until 8 August.

Kurt Prinz

Kurt Prinz (3 April 1920 – 7 April 2009) was a highly decorated Major der Reserve in the Wehrmacht during World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Kurt Prinz was captured by American troops in May 1945 in the Ruhr Pocket. In 1946 he was handed over to Soviet forces and held until 1949.

James Billo

James Billo Ace Pilot 5 Victories
USS Enterprise (CV-6), colloquially referred to as the "Big E," was the sixth aircraft carrier of the United States Navy and the seventh U.S. Navy ship to bear the name. Launched in 1936, she was a ship of the Yorktown class, and one of only three American carriers commissioned prior to World War II to survive the war (the others being Saratoga and Ranger). She participated in more major actions of the war against Japan than did any other US ship. These actions included the Battle of Midway, the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, various other air-sea engagements during the Guadalcanal campaign, the Battle of the Philippine Sea, and the Battle of Leyte Gulf. On three separate occasions during the Pacific War, the Japanese announced that she had been sunk in battle, earning her the name "The Grey Ghost".

Enterprise earned 20 battle stars, the most for any U.S. warship in World War II. Some have labeled her the most glorious and honored ship in the history of the United States Navy, rivaled only perhaps by the 18th century frigate USS Constitution.

Bruce DeMars

Bruce DeMars is a retired United States Navy four star admiral who served as Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion from 1988 to 1996.

Naval service

After graduation, he initially served aboard the surface ships USS Telfair (APA-210) and USS Okanogan (APA-220) before attending Submarine School.
Submarine service

His first submarine assignment was the diesel USS Capitaine (SS-336). He underwent nuclear power training, followed by assignment to the nuclear-powered submarines USS George Washington (SSBN-598), USS Snook (SSN-592), and USS Sturgeon (SSN-637) before taking command of USS Cavalla (SSN-684).

His shore duty stations include being an instructor at the Nuclear Power School and Submarine School and attending the Armed Forces Staff College. After staff duty with Squadron Ten, DeMars served as Senior Member of the Nuclear Propulsion Examining Board, United States Atlantic Fleet.

He commanded Submarine Development Squadron Twelve in New London, Connecticut and then served as Deputy Director, Attack Submarine Division in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, until selected for promotion to Rear Admiral in 1981.
Flag assignments

His flag assignments include Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Marianas/Commander, U.S. Naval Base, Guam; Commander in Chief, Pacific Representative for Guam and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; and Deputy Assistant Chief and then Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Submarine Warfare.

He was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 30, 1988 for promotion to full admiral and on October 22, 1988, he relieved Admiral Kinnaird R. McKee as Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion.

Henry R. Gibson

Henry Richard Gibson (December 24, 1837 – May 25, 1938) was an American politician and a member of the United States House of Representatives for the 2nd congressional district of Tennessee.

He was born on Kent Island, Maryland in Queen Anne's County. He attended the common schools at Kent Island and at Bladensburg, Maryland. He graduated from Decker's Academy at Bladensburg in 1858 and from Hobart College at Geneva, New York in 1862. He served in the commissary department of the Union Army from March 1863 to July 1865. He entered Albany Law School in New York in September 1865. He was admitted to the bar in December 1865 and commenced practice in Knoxville, Tennessee in January 1866.

Henry Gibson moved to Jacksboro, Tennessee in Campbell County in October 1866. He was appointed commissioner of claims by Governor William G. Brownlow in 1868. He was a delegate to the state constitutional convention in 1870. He was a member of the Tennessee Senate from 1871 to 1875 and a member of the Tennessee House of Representatives from 1875 to 1877. He returned to Knoxville in 1876. He founded the Knoxville Republican in 1879 and became its editor. In 1881, he was appointed post office inspector, and in 1882 he became the editor of the Knoxville Daily Chronicle. He was appointed United States pension agent at Knoxville on June 22, 1883 and served until June 9, 1885.

From 1886 to 1894, he was chancellor of the second chancery division of Tennessee. He was a professor of medical jurisprudence in the Tennessee Medical College from 1889 to 1906. In 1891, he was the author of Gibson’s Suits in Chancery. He was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-fourth and the four succeeding Congresses. He served from March 4, 1895 to March 3, 1905, but he declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1904.

He was an associate editor in 1896 and an associate reviser in 1918 of the Code of Tennessee. Gibson retired from public life and resided in Washington, D.C., being engaged as a writer, as an author, and as a consulting editor of the American and English Encyclopedia of Law and Practice. He died on May 25, 1938, aged 100, in Washington, D.C. The remains were cremated and the ashes deposited in the Old Gray Cemetery at Knoxville, Tennessee.

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